The U.S. Census Bureau predicts a population decline by 2100, with estimates showing a peak in 2080 followed by a drop.
Factors include declining fertility rates, aging population, and immigration, which significantly impacts population growth.
In the absence of immigration, the population could drop to 226 million by 2100.
The median age is projected to rise, with 29% of Americans being 65 or older by 2100.
“The U.S. has experienced notable shifts in the components of population change over the last five years,” Census Bureau Demographer Sandra Johnson stated.
“Some of these, like the increases in mortality caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, are expected to be short-term while others, including the declines in fertility that have persisted for decades, are likely to continue into the future.”
“Incorporating additional years of data on births, deaths and international migration into our projections process resulted in a slower pace of population growth through 2060 than was previously projected.”
“It’s simple arithmetic. Fewer kids are being born,” said Andrew A. Beveridge, president of demographic data firm Social Explorer.
Similar demographic trends are affecting Europe and Asia, with China’s population declining and India surpassing it as the most populous nation.
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